Louis IX, King of France from 1226 to 1270, was an enthusiastic but unsuccessful crusader. During his crusade to Egypt in 1248-54, he was captured and released at high cost. During his crusade to Tunis in 1270, he fell ill with dysentery and died together with a large number of his companions and troops. After his death, his family and members of the French church pressed for him to be canonized. He was declared a saint in 1297.
Several accounts of Ludwig's life, intense piety, and holy deeds have been written, either with the express aim of ensuring his canonization, or later to embellish his reputation as a holy king. Two Dominican brothers, Geoffrey von Beaulieu and William von Chartres, who had been close to Louis as confessor and chaplain, wrote the hagiographies that ensured ...
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