In 1565, half a century before the Pilgrim Fathers, the Spaniards began the first European settlement in what is now the United States. Despite Hispanic roots going back nearly half a millennium, descendants of newer immigrants have ignored this basic truth and tried to exclude it from American history.
Carrie Gibsons El Norte is an important reminder of the mainstream history of the "Waspish" in the United States, in which English pioneers take precedence over their Spanish counterparts. As Gibson demonstrates, a broader story would also highlight that Hispanics in the United States have not always been marginalized. They were not only pioneers but also oppressors, the settlement of which disrupted the existing indigenous order.
After detailed Spanish colonial development in...
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